On 19 July 2018, Singapore became the third country to ratify the agreement and table its ratification instrument.   The Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), also known as TPP11 or TPP-11, is a trade agreement between Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam. It was born out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which never came into force because of the withdrawal of the United States. At the time of its signing, the 11 economies of national economies accounted for 13.4% of the world`s Gross Domestic Product (approximately $13.5 trillion), making the CPTP the third largest free trade area after GDP after the US-Mexico agreement, the European Single Market and possibly after the Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership signed in 2020. www.mfat.govt.nz/en/trade/free-trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements-in-force/cptpp/comprehensive-and-progressive-agreement-for-trans-pacific-partnership-text/#commission “The common wish was to create a comprehensive, forward-looking trade agreement that would establish quality benchmarks for trade rules and contribute to the promotion of trade liberalization and trade facilitation within the APEC region.” The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPPA) is a trade agreement between 12 Pacific peripheral countries: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Vietnam, signed on February 4 in Auckland, New Zealand. On January 25, 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump announced in an interview his interest in a possible reinstatement of the TPP if it was a “much better deal” for the United States. In January 2017, it withdrew the United States from the original agreement.  On April 12, 2018, he told White House National Economic Council Director Larry Kudlow and U.S.
Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer that he wanted to see if he wanted to join the new agreement.  Us Wheat Associates President Vince Peterson said in December 2018 that U.S. wheat exporters could face an “immediate collapse” in their 53 percent market share in Japan due to CPTPP. Peterson added: “Our competitors in Australia and Canada will now benefit from these provisions [CPTPP] because American farmers look helpless.” The National Cattlemen`s Beef Association said beef exports to Japan, the largest U.S. export market, would be seriously penalized for Australian exporters, as their tariffs on exports to Japan would be reduced by 27.5% in the first year of the CPTPP.   In February 2019, Canada`s Minister of International Trade Diversification, Jim Carr, delivered a keynote address at a seminar on CPTPP – Expanding Your Business Horizons, where he is addressing companies that describe the use of the gateway agreement as a bridge to more easily share people, goods and services.  At the parallel session with the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum in Vietnam in November 2017, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau refused to sign the principle of the agreement and expressed reservations about the cultural and automotive provisions.