Withdrawal Agreement Debate
As far as debates are concerned, both the noble baroness and the lord will understand that this is the business of the usual channels. I believe there will be another explanation on Monday, but I hear the noble lord`s remark on a broader debate. He will understand, however, that there is little time available. After further negotiations between the UK and the EU, a revised withdrawal agreement was reached on 17 October.  Two days later, a special session of Parliament (called “Super Saturday” by the media) was held to discuss the new agreement.    MEPs adopted the Second Amendment Letwin 322 to 306, which had refused Parliament`s approval until the adoption of legislation to implement the agreement, and forced the government to ask the EU to delay Brexit until 31 January 2020.  The amended amendment was then adopted by MPs without a vote, as the government had accepted the de facto defeat.  On 21 October, House of Commons spokesman John Bercow rejected a government request to hold a vote on the Brexit deal, citing his earlier decision to withdraw it.  After the agreement of both chambers on the text of the law, it obtained royal approval on 23 January.
Royal Assent is the approval of the monarch to include the bill in an Act of Parliament (Law). In December 2017, pressure intensified on the government to amend Term 9 to allow Parliament to approve the final terms of the UK-EU withdrawal agreement by 29 March 2019, the date set for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU. Conservative MP Dominic Grieve advised the government to amend the clause itself or it would table its own amendment to the bill.  Grieve introduced its amendment to the Bill (Amendment 7) in which it stipulates that a Brexit agreement must be implemented by legislative and not by government decision.  On the morning of the vote on 12 June 2018, the government rejected Grieve`s alternative amendment. This paved the way for differences of opinion in the debate in the House of Commons on whether Parliament should have a say if the UK left the EU without a deal.   In the morning, Phillip Lee`s surprise resignation as a young Conservative minister said: “If I have to look my children in the eye and honestly say that I did my best for them, I cannot, in good conscience, support the way our country will withdraw from the EU.”  In accordance with the motion of 27 February, the defeat of the second significant vote means that the government must immediately submit a request to withdraw from the European Union without a withdrawal agreement. The request, which blocked a Brexit without a deal, was made on 13 March.   Two amendments to the proposal were put to a vote: the first, tabled by Caroline Spelman and which in no way categorically rejected the non-deal, was adopted in 312-308; The second, the “Malthouse Compromise,” which supported the so-called “Non-Deal-Managed Brexit,” failed 164-374.